Law school applications: How many times should you take the LSAT?

You should plan to take the LSAT just once, and to do your best on it that one time. In addition to the retake considerations outlined below, students who assume they’ll have a second chance if they blow the first test tend not to perform as well as those who assume that this is the only test that matters. (No, I don’t actually have any statistics to back this claim up—it’s based purely on anecdote and common sense.)

But what happens after you take the test that one time, and things don’t go nearly as well as you’d hoped—should you retake the LSAT? To seriously answer the question of whether you should retake the exam, it’s important to first honestly assess what happened with the first test administration:

    • Did you prepare as well as could have been expected, given all the other constraints on your time — learning the exam inside out, repeatedly practicing individual sections, and taking several full-length practice tests? Or did you kind of blow off your prep, or slack off in the last few weeks? Can you realistically expect to prepare substantially differently in the months or weeks remaining before the next test?
    • Did anything happen around the time of the test that might have adversely affected your performance — a breakup, illness, family crisis, extraordinary lack of sleep, a monumental hangover, a complete fiasco of LSAT online proctoring?
    • Did you face serious unexpected test anxiety, unlike anything you had experienced in prior standardized tests? Shaking hands, inability to focus, paralyzing nervousness?

In the absence of obviously inadequate preparation, an unforeseeable disaster, or unexpected serious test anxiety, you are unlikely to increase your score by more than the 2-3 points that is the LSAC average for retakers. More sobering is that, historically, as many as 25-30% of retakers who scored 140-159 on their first test received either the same or a lower score the second time around. (More detail on the retake statistics available here.) You should also take into account whatever else you might have to balance with test prep during the weeks before the next test sitting—can you realistically maintain your focus on LSAT prep with everything else you may have going on during that time?

Beyond the questions above, you should consider how law schools regard multiple LSAT scores. All schools see all scores but they will almost always give you the benefit of the higher score (because that’s the one they report to the ABA and ranking companies). That said, if there’s a large jump—5 or more points—the admissions committees will want to see an addendum explaining how you achieved that above-average increase in order to affirm that higher score wasn’t a fluke.

Next you should weigh the potential benefit of a higher score against the potential cost of getting your applications in later in the admissions season. This is not a big concern if your retake will be no later than early fall, which is still early enough in the admission cycle not to make much of a difference (although you should double-check the LSAT deadline for schools’ early admission programs). If you postpone your retake until the winter, you should take into consideration that most law schools make decisions on a rolling basis, and earlier applications are, in general, more successful than later applications. With your current score, you can apply at the most ideal time of the admissions season. (And don’t forget the actual financial cost of a retake: if you don’t have a fee waiver, you’ll be paying another $238 to LSAC.)

Related to this is the availability of Score Preview and the option of canceling a lower than expected score. We do NOT recommend cancelling your score except in extraordinary circumstances. For more on this aspect of the decision making, please read our Score Preview page.

Finally, take a minute to step back from the consideration of this one facet of your application process to think again about why you are applying to law school in the first place, and what you hope to get out of the experience (and investment). Your LSAT score has an impact on where you to go law school, and how much you’ll pay for it (scholarships are most often based on LSAT scores). But it rarely has the power to determine whether you go to law school at all, and it says nothing about what kind of lawyer you will be. Yes, some schools are more selective than others, at least as far as that can be measured with median GPAs and LSATs. But the 200+ ABA-approved law schools are far more similar than they are different, and all will prepare you well for legal practice. A less selective school is not a lower quality school, not by any meaningful measure: a school’s median LSAT has nothing to do with the quality of instruction, the rigor of its clinical programs, or even its reputation among most hiring attorneys.

In short, your lower than expected LSAT score might send you to a different law school from the ones you’d been contemplating, but it has no necessary relationship whatsoever to how successful you’ll be as a law student or lawyer.

If you’re a UMass Amherst student or alum and want to talk through your particular situation, please feel free to contact me personally.

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